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rijndael-api-fst.c

/**
 * rijndael-api-fst.c
 *
 * @version 2.9 (December 2000)
 *
 * Optimised ANSI C code for the Rijndael cipher (now AES)
 *
 * @author Vincent Rijmen <vincent.rijmen@esat.kuleuven.ac.be>
 * @author Antoon Bosselaers <antoon.bosselaers@esat.kuleuven.ac.be>
 * @author Paulo Barreto <paulo.barreto@terra.com.br>
 *
 * This code is hereby placed in the public domain.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHORS ''AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS
 * OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED
 * WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE
 * LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
 * CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
 * SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR
 * BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY,
 * WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE
 * OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE,
 * EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 * Acknowledgements:
 *
 * We are deeply indebted to the following people for their bug reports,
 * fixes, and improvement suggestions to this implementation. Though we
 * tried to list all contributions, we apologise in advance for any
 * missing reference.
 *
 * Andrew Bales <Andrew.Bales@Honeywell.com>
 * Markus Friedl <markus.friedl@informatik.uni-erlangen.de>
 * John Skodon <skodonj@webquill.com>
 */

#include <assert.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>

#include "rijndael-alg-fst.h"
#include "rijndael-api-fst.h"

int makeKey(keyInstance *key, RBYTE direction, int keyLen, char *keyMaterial) {
      int i;
      char *keyMat;
      u8 cipherKey[MAXKB];
      
      if (key == NULL) {
            return BAD_KEY_INSTANCE;
      }

      if ((direction == DIR_ENCRYPT) || (direction == DIR_DECRYPT)) {
            key->direction = direction;
      } else {
            return BAD_KEY_DIR;
      }

      if ((keyLen == 128) || (keyLen == 192) || (keyLen == 256)) {
            key->keyLen = keyLen;
      } else {
            return BAD_KEY_MAT;
      }

      if (keyMaterial != NULL) {
            strncpy(key->keyMaterial, keyMaterial, keyLen/4);
      }

      /* initialize key schedule: */
      keyMat = key->keyMaterial;
      for (i = 0; i < key->keyLen/8; i++) {
            int t, v;

            t = *keyMat++;
            if ((t >= '0') && (t <= '9')) v = (t - '0') << 4;
            else if ((t >= 'a') && (t <= 'f')) v = (t - 'a' + 10) << 4;
            else if ((t >= 'A') && (t <= 'F')) v = (t - 'A' + 10) << 4;
            else return BAD_KEY_MAT;
            
            t = *keyMat++;
            if ((t >= '0') && (t <= '9')) v ^= (t - '0');
            else if ((t >= 'a') && (t <= 'f')) v ^= (t - 'a' + 10);
            else if ((t >= 'A') && (t <= 'F')) v ^= (t - 'A' + 10);
            else return BAD_KEY_MAT;
            
            cipherKey[i] = (u8)v;
      }
      if (direction == DIR_ENCRYPT) {
            key->Nr = rijndaelKeySetupEnc(key->rk, cipherKey, keyLen);
      } else {
            key->Nr = rijndaelKeySetupDec(key->rk, cipherKey, keyLen);
      }
      rijndaelKeySetupEnc(key->ek, cipherKey, keyLen);
      return TRUE;
}

int cipherInit(cipherInstance *cipher, RBYTE mode, char *IV) {
      if ((mode == MODE_ECB) || (mode == MODE_CBC) || (mode == MODE_CFB1)) {
            cipher->mode = mode;
      } else {
            return BAD_CIPHER_MODE;
      }
      if (IV != NULL) {
            int i;
            for (i = 0; i < MAX_IV_SIZE; i++) {
                  int t, j;

                  t = IV[2*i];
                  if ((t >= '0') && (t <= '9')) j = (t - '0') << 4;
                  else if ((t >= 'a') && (t <= 'f')) j = (t - 'a' + 10) << 4;
                  else if ((t >= 'A') && (t <= 'F')) j = (t - 'A' + 10) << 4;
                  else return BAD_CIPHER_INSTANCE;
            
                  t = IV[2*i+1];
                  if ((t >= '0') && (t <= '9')) j ^= (t - '0');
                  else if ((t >= 'a') && (t <= 'f')) j ^= (t - 'a' + 10);
                  else if ((t >= 'A') && (t <= 'F')) j ^= (t - 'A' + 10);
                  else return BAD_CIPHER_INSTANCE;
                  
                  cipher->IV[i] = (u8)j;
            }
      } else {
            memset(cipher->IV, 0, MAX_IV_SIZE);
      }
      return TRUE;
}

int blockEncrypt(cipherInstance *cipher, keyInstance *key,
            RBYTE *input, int inputLen, RBYTE *outBuffer) {
      int i, k, t, numBlocks;
      u8 block[16], *iv;

      if (cipher == NULL ||
            key == NULL ||
            key->direction == DIR_DECRYPT) {
            return BAD_CIPHER_STATE;
      }
      if (input == NULL || inputLen <= 0) {
            return 0; /* nothing to do */
      }

      numBlocks = inputLen/128;
      
      switch (cipher->mode) {
      case MODE_ECB:
            for (i = numBlocks; i > 0; i--) {
                  rijndaelEncrypt(key->rk, key->Nr, input, outBuffer);
                  input += 16;
                  outBuffer += 16;
            }
            break;
            
      case MODE_CBC:
            iv = cipher->IV;
            for (i = numBlocks; i > 0; i--) {
                  ((u32*)block)[0] = ((u32*)input)[0] ^ ((u32*)iv)[0];
                  ((u32*)block)[1] = ((u32*)input)[1] ^ ((u32*)iv)[1];
                  ((u32*)block)[2] = ((u32*)input)[2] ^ ((u32*)iv)[2];
                  ((u32*)block)[3] = ((u32*)input)[3] ^ ((u32*)iv)[3];
                  rijndaelEncrypt(key->rk, key->Nr, block, outBuffer);
                  iv = outBuffer;
                  input += 16;
                  outBuffer += 16;
            }
            break;

    case MODE_CFB1:
            iv = cipher->IV;
        for (i = numBlocks; i > 0; i--) {
                  memcpy(outBuffer, input, 16);
            for (k = 0; k < 128; k++) {
                        rijndaelEncrypt(key->ek, key->Nr, iv, block);
                outBuffer[k >> 3] ^= (block[0] & 0x80U) >> (k & 7);
                for (t = 0; t < 15; t++) {
                  iv[t] = (iv[t] << 1) | (iv[t + 1] >> 7);
                }
                  iv[15] = (iv[15] << 1) | ((outBuffer[k >> 3] >> (7 - (k & 7))) & 1);
            }
            outBuffer += 16;
            input += 16;
        }
        break;

      default:
            return BAD_CIPHER_STATE;
      }
      
      return 128*numBlocks;
}

/**
 * Encrypt data partitioned in octets, using RFC 2040-like padding.
 *
 * @param   input           data to be encrypted (octet sequence)
 * @param   inputOctets       input length in octets (not bits)
 * @param   outBuffer       encrypted output data
 *
 * @return  length in octets (not bits) of the encrypted output buffer.
 */
int padEncrypt(cipherInstance *cipher, keyInstance *key,
            RBYTE *input, int inputOctets, RBYTE *outBuffer) {
      int i, numBlocks, padLen;
      u8 block[16], *iv;

      if (cipher == NULL ||
            key == NULL ||
            key->direction == DIR_DECRYPT) {
            return BAD_CIPHER_STATE;
      }
      if (input == NULL || inputOctets <= 0) {
            return 0; /* nothing to do */
      }

      numBlocks = inputOctets/16;

      switch (cipher->mode) {
      case MODE_ECB:
            for (i = numBlocks; i > 0; i--) {
                  rijndaelEncrypt(key->rk, key->Nr, input, outBuffer);
                  input += 16;
                  outBuffer += 16;
            }
            padLen = 16 - (inputOctets - 16*numBlocks);
            assert(padLen > 0 && padLen <= 16);
            memcpy(block, input, 16 - padLen);
            memset(block + 16 - padLen, padLen, padLen);
            rijndaelEncrypt(key->rk, key->Nr, block, outBuffer);
            break;

      case MODE_CBC:
            iv = cipher->IV;
            for (i = numBlocks; i > 0; i--) {
                  ((u32*)block)[0] = ((u32*)input)[0] ^ ((u32*)iv)[0];
                  ((u32*)block)[1] = ((u32*)input)[1] ^ ((u32*)iv)[1];
                  ((u32*)block)[2] = ((u32*)input)[2] ^ ((u32*)iv)[2];
                  ((u32*)block)[3] = ((u32*)input)[3] ^ ((u32*)iv)[3];
                  rijndaelEncrypt(key->rk, key->Nr, block, outBuffer);
                  iv = outBuffer;
                  input += 16;
                  outBuffer += 16;
            }
            padLen = 16 - (inputOctets - 16*numBlocks);
            assert(padLen > 0 && padLen <= 16);
            for (i = 0; i < 16 - padLen; i++) {
                  block[i] = input[i] ^ iv[i];
            }
            for (i = 16 - padLen; i < 16; i++) {
                  block[i] = (RBYTE)padLen ^ iv[i];
            }
            rijndaelEncrypt(key->rk, key->Nr, block, outBuffer);
            break;

      default:
            return BAD_CIPHER_STATE;
      }

      return 16*(numBlocks + 1);
}

int blockDecrypt(cipherInstance *cipher, keyInstance *key,
            RBYTE *input, int inputLen, RBYTE *outBuffer) {
      int i, k, t, numBlocks;
      u8 block[16], *iv;

      if (cipher == NULL ||
            key == NULL ||
            (cipher->mode != MODE_CFB1 && key->direction == DIR_ENCRYPT)) {
            return BAD_CIPHER_STATE;
      }
      if (input == NULL || inputLen <= 0) {
            return 0; /* nothing to do */
      }

      numBlocks = inputLen/128;

      switch (cipher->mode) {
      case MODE_ECB:
            for (i = numBlocks; i > 0; i--) {
                  rijndaelDecrypt(key->rk, key->Nr, input, outBuffer);
                  input += 16;
                  outBuffer += 16;
            }
            break;
            
      case MODE_CBC:
            iv = cipher->IV;
            for (i = numBlocks; i > 0; i--) {
                  rijndaelDecrypt(key->rk, key->Nr, input, block);
                  ((u32*)block)[0] ^= ((u32*)iv)[0];
                  ((u32*)block)[1] ^= ((u32*)iv)[1];
                  ((u32*)block)[2] ^= ((u32*)iv)[2];
                  ((u32*)block)[3] ^= ((u32*)iv)[3];
                  memcpy(cipher->IV, input, 16);
                  memcpy(outBuffer, block, 16);
                  input += 16;
                  outBuffer += 16;
            }
            break;

    case MODE_CFB1:
            iv = cipher->IV;
        for (i = numBlocks; i > 0; i--) {
                  memcpy(outBuffer, input, 16);
            for (k = 0; k < 128; k++) {
                        rijndaelEncrypt(key->ek, key->Nr, iv, block);
                for (t = 0; t < 15; t++) {
                  iv[t] = (iv[t] << 1) | (iv[t + 1] >> 7);
                }
                  iv[15] = (iv[15] << 1) | ((input[k >> 3] >> (7 - (k & 7))) & 1);
                outBuffer[k >> 3] ^= (block[0] & 0x80U) >> (k & 7);
            }
            outBuffer += 16;
            input += 16;
        }
        break;

      default:
            return BAD_CIPHER_STATE;
      }
      
      return 128*numBlocks;
}

int padDecrypt(cipherInstance *cipher, keyInstance *key,
            RBYTE *input, int inputOctets, RBYTE *outBuffer) {
      int i, numBlocks, padLen;
      u8 block[16];

      if (cipher == NULL ||
            key == NULL ||
            key->direction == DIR_ENCRYPT) {
            return BAD_CIPHER_STATE;
      }
      if (input == NULL || inputOctets <= 0) {
            return 0; /* nothing to do */
      }
      if (inputOctets % 16 != 0) {
            return BAD_DATA;
      }

      numBlocks = inputOctets/16;

      switch (cipher->mode) {
      case MODE_ECB:
            /* all blocks but last */
            for (i = numBlocks - 1; i > 0; i--) {
                  rijndaelDecrypt(key->rk, key->Nr, input, outBuffer);
                  input += 16;
                  outBuffer += 16;
            }
            /* last block */
            rijndaelDecrypt(key->rk, key->Nr, input, block);
            padLen = block[15];
            if (padLen > 16) {
                  return BAD_DATA;
            }
            for (i = 16 - padLen; i < 16; i++) {
                  if (block[i] != padLen) {
                        return BAD_DATA;
                  }
            }
            memcpy(outBuffer, block, 16 - padLen);
            break;
            
      case MODE_CBC:
            /* all blocks but last */
            for (i = numBlocks - 1; i > 0; i--) {
                  rijndaelDecrypt(key->rk, key->Nr, input, block);
                  ((u32*)block)[0] ^= ((u32*)cipher->IV)[0];
                  ((u32*)block)[1] ^= ((u32*)cipher->IV)[1];
                  ((u32*)block)[2] ^= ((u32*)cipher->IV)[2];
                  ((u32*)block)[3] ^= ((u32*)cipher->IV)[3];
                  memcpy(cipher->IV, input, 16);
                  memcpy(outBuffer, block, 16);
                  input += 16;
                  outBuffer += 16;
            }
            /* last block */
            rijndaelDecrypt(key->rk, key->Nr, input, block);
            ((u32*)block)[0] ^= ((u32*)cipher->IV)[0];
            ((u32*)block)[1] ^= ((u32*)cipher->IV)[1];
            ((u32*)block)[2] ^= ((u32*)cipher->IV)[2];
            ((u32*)block)[3] ^= ((u32*)cipher->IV)[3];
            padLen = block[15];
            if (padLen <= 0 || padLen > 16) {
                  return BAD_DATA;
            }
            for (i = 16 - padLen; i < 16; i++) {
                  if (block[i] != padLen) {
                        return BAD_DATA;
                  }
            }
            memcpy(outBuffer, block, 16 - padLen);
            break;
      
      default:
            return BAD_CIPHER_STATE;
      }
      
      return 16*numBlocks - padLen;
}

#ifdef INTERMEDIATE_VALUE_KAT
/**
 *    cipherUpdateRounds:
 *
 *    Encrypts/Decrypts exactly one full block a specified number of rounds.
 *    Only used in the Intermediate Value Known Answer Test.      
 *
 *    Returns:
 *          TRUE - on success
 *          BAD_CIPHER_STATE - cipher in bad state (e.g., not initialized)
 */
int cipherUpdateRounds(cipherInstance *cipher, keyInstance *key,
            RBYTE *input, int inputLen, RBYTE *outBuffer, int rounds) {
      u8 block[16];

      if (cipher == NULL || key == NULL) {
            return BAD_CIPHER_STATE;
      }

      memcpy(block, input, 16);

      switch (key->direction) {
      case DIR_ENCRYPT:
            rijndaelEncryptRound(key->rk, key->Nr, block, rounds);
            break;
            
      case DIR_DECRYPT:
            rijndaelDecryptRound(key->rk, key->Nr, block, rounds);
            break;
            
      default:
            return BAD_KEY_DIR;
      } 

      memcpy(outBuffer, block, 16);
      
      return TRUE;
}
#endif /* INTERMEDIATE_VALUE_KAT */

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